Mt. Ishizuchi, located in Saijo City in Ehime prefecture is one of Japan’s Seven Holy Mountains and has been worshiped for around 1300 years. The Ishizuchi Shrine which holds the holy embodiment of the mountain, consists of 4 shrines: the main shrine at the foot of Mt. Ishizuchi, Jouju Shrine and the Tsuchigoya front shrine on the mountain side, and a shrine at the peak. The mountain is also an overall term for Mt. Tengu at 1982m which is the highest peak in western Japan, the 1974m Mt. Misen where the peak shrine of Ishizuchi Shrine is located, and Mt. Nansenpo. The entire mountain area has been made into one of the nation’s 100 Famous Mountains.
Climbing up a Sheer Cliff
From Jouju Shrine up to the mountain top is a 3-4 hour (one-way) mountain climbing route. There are 4 heavy iron chains which can be used to climb up the perpendicular rock face. The view of Mt. Tengu which can be seen from the top of Mt. Misen is wonderful. Travelling along the narrow 200m mountain ridge, you can reach the top of Mt. Tengu which is the highest peak. Not only can one see the Seto Inland Sea and Tosa Bay, but if the weather is good, it is possible to view the Chugoku & Kyushu Mountains.
Some Background History (from: https://www.city.saijo.ehime.jp/soshiki/kanko/traditionculture.html)
Mt. Ishizuchi was first used for religious training 1,300 years ago by En no Gyoja the founder of Shugendo (a form of ascetic training). who opened temples on sacred mountains across Japan. Today, elements of Shugendo practice can be seen at several shrines and temples in the area, including Ishizuchi Shrine and Gokuraku-ji Temple. In the middle of the Nara period, the ascetic Jakusen (posthumously the Bodhisattva Jakusen) lived on Mt. Ishizuchi and worshipped the mountain deity Ishizuchi-zao Daigongen. Following this, many ascetics came to the mountain to train, leading to the establishment of the Joujuusha Shrine. This shrine is the predecessor of the modern Jojusha Shrine. It is also said that Buddhist patriarch Kobo Daishi (Kukai) trained on Mt. Ishizuchi. Ishizuchi and mountain worship also inspired devoted followers such as Emperor Kanmu, Emperor Montoku, Minamoto no Yoritomo, members of the Toyotomi and Kono clans and the leaders of nearby Saijo and Komatsu domains.
I will be climbing the series of four chain routes to reach the summit of Mt Ishizuchi and will record the sounds and images of my ascent with a Garmin VRIB 360 degree camera. The camera has two ultra wide-angle lenses which capture the complete sphere of high resolution video and audio of the entire surrounding view. The panoramic images and sounds of the mountain landscape recorded during the autumn season will be used to develop an immersive video and sound installation which will seek to reflect my fascination with the cross-fertilization of Eastern and Western aesthetic sensibilities, both for the landscape and its tradition in art and for the intersections between nature and technology, which has been a major theme in my work for many years. The completed installation will premiere during March 2019 as part of my forthcoming solo show “The Sky is For All” at the Ruskin Gallery in Cambridge.
Relationship to my Previous Installation Work
I have been exploring the potential of panoramic imagery in my work for some time. Previous video installations that feature digital panoramic camera devices include Interwoven Motion (2004), The Monument Project (2009-11) and In Darwin’s Garden (2009-2017). Each of these works is concerned with different aspects of the application of panoramic technical devices and seeks to examine the possibilities of spatio-temporality in diverse ways, but for the most part from a fixed- or at least quite limited geographical location, and all have been limited to the visual aspect. Climbing Mt Ishizuchi in the Autumn will be the first of my landscape installations to incorporate spatial sound as an integral element, and the first to directly engage with the spiritual dimension of the landscape.
The video camera looks out at the world most often via a fixed stare, and in my work I have often attempted to find ways to counter this to recreate and express the dynamics of our perception. The Monument Project produced images of a cityscape, whilst Interwoven Motion and In Darwin’s Garden are both landscape works. This new work again returns to the subject of the landscape, but one which produces images of the landscape in relation to a direct experience of the human body. For many years the influence of the phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty, who famously observed the “artist takes his body with him” in his seminal essay “Eye and Mind”, has had an impact on my work and ideas. In this new work the camera will record the relationship between my body and the camera directly. The physical activity and effort of climbing the route from the Jouju shrine to the Ishizuchi shrine at the peak of the mountain will be the formal basis of the work. The sounds and images of my act of pilgrimage will be documented in continuous “real-time” and will determine the duration of the complete video sequence.
Another central theme that continues in this new work is that of the continuously evolving relationship between human technology and the natural world. As an artist who has chosen to work and engage directly with technological devices, I seek ways to highlight both my fascination with emerging imaging technologies and my concern for the way in which these devices can alienate and distance us from an awareness of our own subtle perceptual processes and the interconnectedness and dependency with our surrounding environment.